What Is Hand Plane Parts?

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Author: Richelle
Published: 9 Nov 2021

The Cap Iron Chip Breaker

The cap iron is a chipbreaker on a hand plane. The video shows how the chip breaker works, how to hone it, and how to adjust and tune it properly. The same description can be found in the text.

Sometimes the chip breaker needs to be shorn to make sure it is perfect. The back of the chip breaker should be resting just below the grinding surface of the stone. Continue to hone the chipbreaker until it has a continuous face on the edge.

The edge should be a continuous plane with freshly exposed steel. The brass is used to make the depth adjustment nut. The yoke is engaged by moving forward and back on the reverse-threaded screw.

Bench Planes for Fine-Scaling and Surface Flattening

A hand plane is a tool that can be used to shape wood. The use of a miniature hand plane for fine-scale planing is not compatible with the use of some motorized power planers. All planes are used to flatten, reduce the thickness of, and impart a smooth surface to a rough piece of lumber or timber.

Planing is used to make horizontal, vertical, or inclined flat surfaces on the same surface as the integrity of the whole requires. Special types of planes are used to cut joints. Hand planes are usually a combination of a cutting edge, such as a metal plate attached to a firm body, and a high degree of riding on the high spots in the wood, that when moved over a wood surface, take up relatively uniform shavings.

A cutter that extends below the sole of the plane slices off wood. A large flat sole on a plane guides the cutter to remove the highest parts of an imperfect surface, until it is smooth and flat. Bench planes with longer soles are preferred for boards with longer longitudinal dimensions.

A longer sole is more likely to register against a larger portion of the board's face or edge surface. Stanley Works bought the patents for the cast iron-bodied hand planes that Leonard Bailey began producing in the mid- 1860s. The original Bailey designs were further evolved by Justus Traut and others.

The Bailey and Bedrock designs were the basis for most modern metal hand plane designs. Stanley Works still makes the Bailey design. Bench planes have their cutting edges facing down and are attached to a chipbreaker.

Stanley's Tools

Stanley made vintage screws, bolts and other parts from 1858 to 1970. No repros! Planes, Scrapers, and other tools have proprietary and obsolete threads that are not available in hardware stores. All parts are tested.

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